Since 1961, every August 14, Indonesian people have commemorated it as Scout Day, which was initiated by the First President of the Republic of Indonesia Soekarno to unite all scouting movements in the country.
The name Scout was proposed by Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwana IX, who took inspiration from the word Poromuko, the foremost troops in war. The word Scout is translated into Praja Muda Karana or “Young Soul Who Loves to Work”.
The scouting movement was first initiated by a member of the British army, Robert Baden-Powell. From 1906 to 1907, Powell wrote the book Scouting for Boys, which later became a guidebook used worldwide. The book contains guidelines for training skills and dexterity, survival, and moral development.
The history of the scouting movement in Indonesia dates back to the colonial era of the Dutch East Indies, namely in 1912, marked by the existence of the scouting branch of the Nederlandsche Padvinders Organisatie or NPO which had a large quarter when World War I broke out. The NPO was later changed to Nederlands-Indische Padvinders Vereeniging or NIPV in 1916 by S. P. Mangkunegara VII in Surakarta.
The NIPV scouting movement turned out to be in line with national movements such as Padvinder Muhammadiyah which in 1920 changed its name to Hizbul Wathan or HW, Nationale Padvinderij, Syarikat Islam Afdeling Padvinderij which was founded by the Syarikat Islam organization which later changed its name to Syarikat Islam Afdeling Pandu or SIAP, Nationale Islamietische Padvinderij or NATIPIJ which was founded by Jong Islamieten Bond and the Indonesisch Nationale Padvinders Organisatie or INPO which was founded by Pemuda Indonesia.
On May 23, 1928, the Indonesian scouting federation was formed, namely the Indonesian Pandu Brotherhood or PAPI with its members namely Pandu Kebangsaan, INPO, SIAP, NATIPIJ and PPS. But this federation did not last long because of the fusion. Then in 1930 founded the Indonesian Nation Scouts or KBI which was pioneered by figures from Jong Java Padvinders or Pandu Kebangsaan (JJP/PK), INPO and PPS (JJP-Jong Java Padvinderij) and Pandu Kebangsaan.
A decade later, PAPI, which had undergone a fusion, later developed into the Central Board of Indonesian Scout Brotherhood or BPPKI in April 1938. Between 1928 and 1935 many scouting movements emerged in Indonesia, both nationalist and religious.
Scouts with nationality can be recorded as Pandu Indonesia (PI), Padvinders Organisatie Pasundan (POP), Pandu Sultanate (PK), Sinar Pandu Kita (SPK) and Indonesian People’s Scouts (KRI). Meanwhile, the scouting movement that breathes the religion of Pandu Ansor, Al Wathoni, Hizbul Wathan, Indonesian Islamic Scouts (KII), Islamitische Padvinders Organisatie (IPO), Tri Darma (Christian), Indonesian Catholic Principle Scouts (KAKI), Indonesian Masehi Scouts (KMI).
Reporting from Semarangkota.go.id, to strive for the unity and unity of the scouting movement, BPKKI planned the All Indonesian Jamboree which was later changed to the Oemoem Indonesian Scout Camp, abbreviated as PERKINO and held on 19-23 July 1941 in Yogyakarta.
Then in 1941, Soekarno wanted to unite all the scouting movements in Indonesia. At the suggestion of Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwana IX, the Indonesian scouting movement was then given the name Pramuka, an abbreviation of Praja Muda Karana, which was established on August 14, 1961. Since then, every August 14 will be commemorated as Scout Day by the Indonesian people.